When designing the landscape, keep in mind that turfgrasses need more water and maintenance than most other plants. To conserve water, reduce the size of the lawn by including patios, decks, shrub beds and groundcovers in the landscape design.
Also consider the ease of watering turf areas. Areas that are long and narrow, small, or oddly shaped are difficult to water efficiently. Confine grass to blocky, squarish areas that are easier to maintain.
Tremendous amounts of water are applied to lawns and gardens, but much of it is never absorbed by the plants and put to use. Some water runs off because it is applied too rapidly, and some water evaporates from exposed, unmulched soil; but, the greatest waste of water is applying too much too often.
When too much water is applied to the landscape it can leach nutrients deep into the soil away from plant roots, and possibly pollute groundwater. Runoff also can cause pollution by carrying fertilizers and pesticides into streams and lakes. These problems can be eliminated with proper watering techniques.
Outstanding Turfgrasses for Texas
Common name (pictures) / Best adapted for Map Region / Drought Tolerance
- Bermudagrass (pictures) / 7 / Good Drought Tolerance
- Buffalograss (pictures) / 3,4,5,6 / Excellent Drought Tolerance
- Carpetgrass / 1 / Adapted to Moist Sites
- Centipedegrass (pictures) / 1 / Tolerates Drought
- St. Augustinegrass (pictures) / 1,2,3,4 / Poor Drought Tolerance
- Tall Fescue (pictures) / 4,5 / Poor Drought Tolerance
- Zoysiagrass (pictures) / 7 / Good Drought Tolerance